Introduction Very few Catholics have ever been willing to open this teaching, let alone read it in its entirety, but no matter how few will seek the truth, I still write this for their sakes. It is the duty of Christians to expose darkness for the sake of those who are lost, that their souls might be saved on the Day of Judgment, and that is the main purpose of this book.
A later popePope Gregory IX established the Inquisition, into combat the heresy of the Abilgenses, a religious sect in France. Bythe Inquisition was in full gear throughout Central and Western Europe; although it was never instituted in England or Scandinavia.
Initially a tribunal would open at a location and an edict of grace would be published calling upon those who are conscious of heresy to confess; after a period of grace, the tribunal officers could make accusations.
Those accused of heresy were sentenced at an auto de feAct of Faith. Clergyman would sit at the proceedings and would deliver the punishments. Punishments included confinement to dungeons, physical abuse and torture.
Those who reconciled with the church were still punished and many had their property confiscated, as well as were banished from public life. Those who never confessed were burned at the stake without strangulation; those who did confess were strangled first.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, attendance at auto de fe reached as high as the attendance at bullfights. In the beginning, the Inquisition dealt only with Christian heretics and did not interfere with the affairs of Jews.
Inthe first mass burning of Jews on the stake took place in France. In the Inquisition started in Spain and ultimately surpassed the medieval Inquisition, in both scope and intensity. Conversos Secret Jews and New Christians were targeted because of their close relations to the Jewish community, many of whom were Jews in all but their name.
In Tomas de Torquemada became the inquisitor-general for most of Spainhe set tribunals in many cities.
First, they arrested Conversos and notable figures in Seville ; in Seville more than Conversos were burned at the stake and 5, repented. Tribunals were also opened in Aragon, Catalonia and Valencia. An Inquisition Tribunal was set up in Ciudad Real, where Conversos were condemned, and it was moved to Toledo in Between25 auto de fes were held in Toledo, people were burned at the stake and others were imprisoned.
The Inquisition finally made its way to Barcelona, where it was resisted at first because of the important place of Spanish Conversos in the economy and society. More than 13, Conversos were put on trial during the first 12 years of the Spanish Inquisition.
Hoping to eliminate ties between the Jewish community and Conversos, the Jews of Spain were expelled in The next phase of the Inquisition began in Portugal in Thousands of Jews came to Portugal after the expulsion.
A Spanish style Inquisition was constituted and tribunals were set up in Lisbon and other cities. The Inquisition never stopped in Spain and continued until the late 18th century. By the second half of the 18th century, the Inquisition abated, due to the spread of enlightened ideas and lack of resources.
The last auto de fe in Portugal took place on October 27, Not untilduring the brief reign of Joseph Bonaparte, was the Inquisition abolished in Spain. An estimated 31, heretics were burned at the stake, 17, were burned in effigy andmade reconciliations in the Spanish Inquisition.
In Portugalabout 40, cases were tried, although only 1, were burned, the rest made penance. Many Jews and Conversos fled from Portugal and Spain to the New World seeking greater security and economic opportunities.The history of Christianity is the history of the Christian religion and the Christian church, from Jesus and his apostles to our times.
Christianity is the monotheistic religion that is based on the birth, life, death, resurrection and teaching of Jesus Christ.. Christianity began in the 1st century AD as a Jewish sect but quickly spread throughout the Greco-Roman world.
The Goa Inquisition was a colonial era Portuguese institution established by the Roman Catholic Holy Office between the 16th- and 19th-century to stop and punish heresy against Christianity in South Asia.
The institution persecuted Hindus, Muslims, Bene Israels and New Christians by the colonial era Portuguese government and Jesuit clergy in Portuguese India. The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition (Spanish: Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition (Inquisición española), was established in by Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile.
The Spanish Inquisition began in the late s when Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella wanted to do away with many of their political adversaries. These opponents were called the conversos, former Jews and Muslims who had been forced to convert to Christianity but had nevertheless managed to rise through the Spanish political and business ranks.
The Spanish Inquisition is probably the most infamous for its torture and the number of people executed as a result of it. One historian estimated that over the course of its history the Spanish Inquisition tried a total of , people, of whom at least 10 percent (31,) were executed.
Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors.