The history issues and contributions of william smith and george greenough on the geological society

Additional Information Abstract Geologically interested savants of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries described three-dimensional spatial relationships through the visual language of maps and sections of the Earth. At this time, there was a debate whether colour or line should feature in mapping our strata. Colour was an identifying characteristic of Wernerian mineralogy, but the exact manner in which colour should be employed in representing a mineralogical landscape remained controversial.

The history issues and contributions of william smith and george greenough on the geological society

Churchill, Oxfordshire, England, 23 March ; d. Northampton England, 28 August geology. His mother, Ann, daughter of an unrelated William Smithwas also descended from a farming family. William was the eldest of five children and was only seven when his father died.

His first eighteen years were spent in the village of Churchill,with the exception of two years spent in London. He attended the village school until he was eleven: Later, with some older friends and neighbors, he pursued further studies, including mathematics. A local surveyor, Edward Webb of Stow-on-the-Wold, came Churchill to make a detailed survey of the parish preparatory to the enclosure of the common lands.

He needed the assistance of an intelligent lad to hold the chain and to take notes, and Smith got the job. Evidently Webb realized that he had made a good choice, for he took Smith into his business, carried on in the large house now known as Manor House on the corner of the market square in Stow.

William Smith (geologist) - Wikipedia Early life[ edit ] Greenough was born in Londonas George Bellas, named after his father, George Bellas, who had a profitable business in the legal profession as a proctor in Doctor's Commons, St Paul's Churchyard Doctors' Commons and some real estate in Surrey.
Geological Society of London Early life[ edit ] Smith was born in the village of Churchill, Oxfordshirethe son of blacksmith John Smith, himself scion of a respectable farming family. His father died when Smith was just eight years old, and he was then raised by his uncle, also called William Smith.

Here Smith lived with Webb and his family for nearly five years. There is no evidence that he was articled to Webb, but he learned all the duties of a land surveyor and valuer and must have become well qualified. In the autumn of Webb sent Smith to survey and value an estate in north Somerest.

He went there on foot and lodged at Rugborne Farm, near High Littleton, about eight miles southwest of Bath. The house is still standing, almost unaltered since Smith lodged there.

William Smith (geologist) - Wikipedia

At that time the district had many active coal mines, and Smith went underground to examine some of them and draw plans. He also prepared a map of High Littleton that still exists. In Smith was engaged by a group of local landowners to make a survey for a proposed canal, on which the coal from their mines could be carried to a wider market at a lower cost.

In March he gave evidence before Parliament in connection with the act authorizing the canal construction; and in August he went with two members of the canal committee on a carriage tour to the north of England to see other canals and collieries.

The tour provided him with valuable additions to his knowledge of the strata, a subject in which he was increasingly interested. While in London he had visited booksellers in order to find books on geology, but with little success.

The history issues and contributions of william smith and george greenough on the geological society

Work on the canal, which became known as the Somerset Coal Canal, began in July The Geological Society of London is the UK national society for geoscience, providing support to over 10, members in the UK and overseas.

Founded in , we are the oldest geological society in the world. The Society for the History of Natural History is the only international society devoted to the history of botany, zoology and geology, in the broadest sense, including .

William Smith, known in his day as “Strata Smith”, was a civil engineer and geologist. The “Father of English Geology”, he was responsible for initiating the production of the first geological map of England and Wales.

William Smith: William Smith, English engineer and geologist who is best known for his development of the science of stratigraphy.

BIBLIOGRAPHT

Smith’s great geologic map of England and Wales () set the style for modern geologic maps, and many of the colourful names he applied to the strata are still in use today. Smith. The 13 founding members of the Society included four Fellows of the Royal Society, namely William Babington, Humphry Davy, Comte de Bournon and George Bellas Greenough.

Already by December , 42 members from all over Britain had been elected, the first research papers were read, and Greenough was elected the first President. Geologically interested savants of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries described three-dimensional spatial relationships through the visual language of maps and sec.

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