What makes an ethical decision or issue ethical? What ethical issues or dilemmas have you experienced in the workplace? Do professionals such as accountants and lawyers have duties and obligations that other people do not? From where would such duties come from?
Just a few points about the philosophical content. For example, liberals tend to see white collar criminals who want an extra million dollars as more morally blameworthy than regular criminals who rob convenience stores for a few hundred dollars. This is on the grounds that the white collar folks generally have been taught to do better, and therefore ought to do better; whereas the stockingheads have not been brought up in the way they should go and therefore deserve some slack.
Conservatives, on the other hand, seem contemptuous of the notion that some people ought to be held to a higher ethical standard than others. Note, for example, their widespread reaction to Abu Ghraib: Which is almost always. Expressivism, non-cognitivism, and moral relativism are not only different, but they are sometimes in direct conflict.
There are non-cognitist expressivists, cognitivist expressivists e.
MY discusses both in his post. But, hell, when was the last time these people ever talked to one of their TAs? Because undergraduate classes of all varieties are filled with people making in complete earnestness such extreme and unworkable claims. Like campus PCism, this vulgar relativism is a legitimate problem the conservatives have opportunistically siezed upon as an issue, distorted, amplified, used as the boogeyman.
I suspect charges of relativism often come from those who think someone is being insufficiently sensitive to or are improperly weighting relevant moral criteria. Not to mention the use of the relativism label to blame permissive sexuality on problems like date rape, which is a little bit ridiculous.
Although who knows what most people on the right think moral relativism means since I doubt they read Nietzche, they just know they should hate it. No matter how arcane its particulars, no matter how divinely revealed, no matter how instinctive or inspired, or logically derived.
It is the inability, on the one hand, and the refusal on the other, to state these goals clearly and accurately, that keeps them from being argued and, more importantly, keeps their true adherents from being exposed.
Our genes are arguing the finer points of law, back and forth through time. That contest is all, there is no other. Some conservative condemnations of moral relativism may be aimed at partly-understood deconstructionist theories of morality which tend to be aired by academics.
It is not just over-eager undergrads who spew such non-sense, but tenured faculty as well, even if they do not behave or expect others to behave as if they theories they espouse were true.
I suspect the vast majority of conservatives in the US at least are either limited govt. They subscribe to a moral code that is relatively unvarying in time or place. Ignoring of course that the interpretations of Locke or the Bible have changed over the years — those other, earlier interpretations were obviously wrong, and our current ones are obviously right.
Just a philosopher pitching in to hopefully aid the messy discussion. Particularism, as it is usually stated, denies that moral judgment depends in any way on moral principles — whether moral principles are conceived of as exceptionless or not.
Relativism, as it is usually stated, does make moral judgment dependent on moral principles — but it can work with either sort of moral principles.
Meta-ethical relativism is a form moral anti-objectivism.
It says that there are no universally applicable moral standards. On this view, what is relative are the truth-conditions of moral judgments. Compare, perhaps, how the relativity theory in physics would treat judgments of mass.
It would be wrong to see meta-ethical relativism as a form of non-cognitivism. Whereas non-cognitivists deny that moral judgments are truth-apt, meta-ethical relativism implies that there are such things as moral truths. One main problem with meta-ethical relativism is that it makes genuine moral disagreement go away.
For it implies that people who make apparently conflicting moral judgments will either be holding a single moral framework fixed and disputing its content which is an empirical question or else, if the truth-conditions of their judgments are relative to different frameworks, talking past one another hence not disagreeing.
Of course, to evaluate the truth of particular moral judgments, we are owed some mechanism for determining what moral framework is the relevant one in a given context see below.Start studying Excelsior Ethics. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Nineteenth-century philosopher who believed that God did not exist and that there were no objective ethical values built into the fabric of the universe.
or arbitrary bias, for members of one's own species and against. 5 days ago · At the time, there was a segment of the program looking at values, yet barely any research into why — or even whether — values matter.
Ten years on, the landscape has changed dramatically and the importance of establishing a strong Values Hierarchy — as it is known — is well established. Socrates held, then, that one should subject one’s most important beliefs to close, critical scrutiny, to see if one really has good grounds for thinking that those beliefs really are true.
Many others, however, have held that, on the contrary, the most important beliefs that people have are generally true, and that it is at best a waste of time to examine them closely.
Answer to are there some ethical values or principles that you believe are relative to one's own culture, religion, or personal op %(1). Jan 29, · Are there universal ethical principles?
it's wrong to deliberately cause another person (me!) to suffer if it is purely to satisfy one's own desire to see them suffer (sadism). who gets what respect is conditional according to the cultural values. I believe there is no moral or ethical law than can be logically deduced as Status: Resolved.
Answer to Are some ethical values associated with one's own culture/religion/etc? Provide an example or two. Are there some ethical values that exist.