He saw himself as a hero of working people, yet he crushed their unions. One of the most successful entrepreneurs of his age, he railed against privilege. A generous philanthropist, he slashed the wages of the workers who made him rich. One of the captains of industry of 19th century America, Andrew Carnegie helped build the formidable American steel industry, a process that turned a poor young man into the richest man in the world.
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Ambitious and hard-working, he went on to hold a series of jobs, including messenger in a telegraph office and secretary and telegraph operator for the superintendent of the Pittsburgh division of the Pennsylvania Railroad. InCarnegie succeeded his boss as railroad division superintendent.
While in this position, he made profitable investments in a variety of businesses, including coal, iron and oil companies and a manufacturer of railroad sleeping cars.
After leaving his post with the railroad inCarnegie continued his ascent in the business world.
By the time he was in his early 30s, Carnegie had become a very wealthy man. Steel Magnate In the early s, Carnegie co-founded his first steel company, near Pittsburgh. Over the next few decades, he created a steel empire, maximizing profits and minimizing inefficiencies through ownership of factories, raw materials and transportation infrastructure involved in steel-making.
Inhis primary holdings were consolidated to form Carnegie Steel Company.
The steel magnate considered himself a champion of the working man; however, his reputation was marred by a violent labor strike in at his Homestead, Pennsylvania, steel mill.
After union workers protested wage cuts, Carnegie Steel general manager Henry Clay Frickwho was determined to break the union, locked the workers out of the plant.
Andrew Carnegie was on vacation in Scotland during the strike, but put his support in Frick, who called in some Pinkerton armed guards to protect the plant. A bloody battle broke out between the striking workers and the Pinkertons, leaving at least 10 men dead.
The state militia then was brought in to take control of the town, union leaders were arrested and Frick hired replacement workers for the plant. Additionally, the labor movement at Pittsburgh-area steel mills was crippled for the next four decades. That same year, Morgan merged Carnegie Steel with a group of other steel businesses to form U.
Among his philanthropic activities, he funded the establishment of more than 2, public libraries around the globe, donated more than 7, organs to churches worldwide and endowed organizations many still in existence today dedicated to research in science, education, world peace and other causes.
The following year, the year-old industrial baron married Louise Whitfieldwho was two decades his junior and the daughter of a New York City merchant.
The couple had one child, Margaret The Carnegies lived in a Manhattan mansion and spent summers in Scotland, where they owned Skibo Castle, set on some 28, acres. Carnegie died at age 83 on August 11,at Shadowbrook, his estate in Lenox, Massachusetts.Andrew Carnegie [David Nasaw] on feelthefish.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The definitive account of the life of Andrew Carnegie Celebrated historian David Nasaw/5(). 3 days ago · On November 25, , years ago today, Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland. At age 13, Carnegie moved to the U.S., settling outside Pittsburgh, where he was immediately put to .
More about Andrew Carnegie. Bestselling Books: Think and Grow Rich: The Landmark Bestseller Now Revised and Updated for the 21st Century (Think and Grow Rich Series), The Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie and the Gospel of Wealth (Signet Classics), The Gospel of Wealth Essays and Other Writings (Penguin Classics).
Enjoy the best Andrew Carnegie Quotes at BrainyQuote. Quotations by Andrew Carnegie, Scottish Businessman, Born November 25, Share with your friends. More about Andrew Carnegie. Bestselling Books: Think and Grow Rich: The Landmark Bestseller Now Revised and Updated for the 21st Century (Think and Grow Rich Series), The Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie and the Gospel of Wealth (Signet Classics), The Gospel of Wealth.
Andrew Carnegie (–) was among the most famous and wealthy industrialists of his day. Through the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the innovative philanthropic foundation he established in , his fortune has since supported everything from the discovery of insulin and the dismantling of nuclear weapons, to the creation of Sesame .