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History[ edit ] The basic idea has been expressed through narrative a number of times. In one " Aesop's fable " that is recorded even before Aesop 's time, The Fox and the Catthe fox boasts of "hundreds of ways of escaping" while the cat has "only one".
When they hear the hounds approaching, the cat scampers up a tree while "the fox in his confusion was caught up by the hounds".
The fable ends with the moral, "Better one safe way than a hundred on which you cannot reckon". Related concepts are expressed by the Centipede's dilemmahow unconscious activity is disrupted by conscious thought of it, and by the tale of Buridan's assa paradox of rational decision with equal options.
In Shakespeare 's Hamletthe main character, Prince Hamletis often said to have a mortal flaw of thinking too much, such that his youth and vital energy are "sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought".
Another Look at Hamlet's Analysis Paralysis". Schwartz wrote the article "The Return-on-Investment Concept as a Tool for Decision Making" in Changing Patterns And Concepts In Management stating, "We will do less guessing; avoid the danger of becoming extinct by instinct; and, by the adoption of one uniform evaluation guide, escape succumbing to paralysis by analysis.
Igor Ansoff wrote the book Corporate Strategy: The Duke group has used the term "analysis-paralysis" to point out that, if we wait until we have completely answered all the questions and solved all of the problems before training the personnel we need, we will never reach a solution.
The insistent demands for further study and extensive evaluation suggested by some may only be a defense by those who do not wish to change or those who fear change. Software development[ edit ] In software developmentanalysis paralysis typically manifests itself through the Waterfall model with exceedingly long phases of project planningrequirements gatheringprogram design and data modelingwhich can create little or no extra value by those steps and risk many revisions.
Analysis paralysis often occurs due to the lack of experience on the part of business systems analystsproject managers or software developersas well as a rigid and formal organizational culture.
Analysis paralysis is an example of an anti-pattern. In some instances Agile software development ends up creating additional confusion in the project in the case where iterative plans are made with no intention on having the team following through. Choke sports and Nervous nineties Analysis paralysis is a critical problem in athletics.
It can be explained in simple terms as "failure to react in response to over-thought. Casual analysis paralysis[ edit ] There are additional situations in which analysis paralysis can be identified, but in which the phenomenon is often accidental or coincidental.
Personal analysis[ edit ] Casual analysis paralysis can occur during the process of trying to make personal decisions if the decision-maker overanalyzes the circumstance with which they are faced.
When this happens, the sheer volume of analysis overwhelms the decision-maker, weighing him or her down so much that they feel overwhelmed with the task, unable to make a rational conclusion.
In some cases, the decision-maker can analyze every possible outcome of an action and write it all out, but then delete it because of how they analyze the outcome to be and how they may be viewed.
Conversational analysis[ edit ] Although analysis paralysis can actually occur at any time, regarding any issue in typical conversation, it is particularly likely to occur during elevated, intellectual discussions.
During such intellectual discussion, analysis paralysis involves the over-analysis of a specific issue to the point where that issue can no longer be recognized, and the subject of the conversation is lost. Usually, this happens because complex issues which are often the basis of elevated, intellectual conversation are intricately connected with various other issues, and the pursuit of these various issues makes logical sense to the participants.
Below is an example of how analysis paralysis might affect a conversation about human rights:3. Games allow structured analysis of an executive’s behavior.
By unveiling what-ifs and routes-not-taken, well-developed games help managers reflect on their actions (and omissions). Analysis paralysis or paralysis by analysis is the state of over-analyzing (or over-thinking) a situation so that a decision or action is never taken, in effect paralyzing the outcome.
A decision can be treated as over-complicated, with too many detailed options, so that a choice is never made, rather than try something and change if a major problem arises.
Hundreds of fun educational games and activities for kids to play online. Topics include math, geography, animals, and more. Viewable chess game Jose Raul Capablanca vs Savielly Tartakower, , with discussion forum and chess analysis features.
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